Whether these processes are inevitable? Hard to say, perhaps, the answer to the question can be the experience of modern China, which, in spite of the active transition to a market economy, due to the active work of the government, has been retained economic potential. Especially in the world quite a lot of other examples of "revival" of countries, but only for countries that have adhered to at all times market economy principles. Japanese islands, too far from "shine" in minerals, especially on the territory of a disproportionately smaller and, yet, were able to "feed" 130 million people. In the postwar period, loans were purchased by the latest technology, the development of modern industry and continual innovation, mass production and sale of competitive products within the country and the world market, together with reasonable terms of volume, but stringent restrictions enforceable import of goods from other countries, that is maintaining and even increasing jobs, as population growth. In our the country has played a major role "human factor". The average life span nature reasonably restricted. When the bulk of Russia's population was fairly religious, low living standards, particularly related all with the natural features of the Russian position on the ground, the general population, in "anticipation" of paradise on the "other world", were considered quite humbly, many generations of our countrymen live in poverty and injustice. Under socialism, when the bulk of the population was already literate, mass belief in God was gone, and the Soviet ideologues in every way "screened" from the minds of the population comparisons of their living from the West.