European Union Invited

Four high school students sat Tirdznisi Gori district, adjacent to South Ossetia, were arrested and transported to Tskhinvali. The reason, as explained there was a violation of the administrative boundary. After the first attempts by the Georgian side to begin negotiations for the release she was told that had previously been arrested several citizens of South Ossetia, which, according to South Ossetian authorities are in a remand Tbilisi. Georgian law enforcement agencies have denied the allegations. Government circles, and sharply criticized already for lack of control on the adjacent territories of South Ossetia, not a little agitated.

In the village Tirdznisi left MPs from the faction of the Christian Democrats and questioned locals about the circumstances of the accident. Then, the initiative brought the anti-crisis committee chairman of the Georgian Parliament Giorgi Tortladze offered Tskhinvali top of the following: to clarify the circumstances and the final decision to sharpen him in jail instead of teenagers, the oldest of whom, I must say, no more than 16 years. But Such measures, even in Tbilisi were not taken seriously, not to mention Tskhinvali administration. After that Georgian officials made several troubling statements and, accordingly, inform the international organization. The incident became a topic of discussion at the Geneva process to resolve. At the end of Thursday next, eighth, round heads of plenipotentiary representative of South Ossetia on post-conflict settlement Boris Chochiev said that South Ossetia would suspend its participation in mechanisms for preventing and responding to incidents, if not received information about stolen Georgian Ossetians.

European Union

In the context of energy interests of the European Union considered the recent improvement of relations between Turkey and Armenia. Rapprochement between the two countries, according to commentators, could serve as a positive example for Armenia and Azerbaijan an impetus to the resolution of the Nagorno-Karabakh. The settlement of the Karabakh conflict is again seen as an important element in creating a network of reliable transit routes for the transfer of Central Asian gas to Europe, bypassing Russia. In the German media are still experiencing increased interest in the political situation in Georgia, which is reflected in numerous comments to the topic. Widely discussed and the reaction of the Russian Federation to NATO exercises in Georgia. Certain materials on the situation in Abkhazia and South Ossetia are confined to specific activities: the fifth round of Geneva discussions on security in the Caucasus and assigned to the May 31 parliamentary elections in South Ossetia, the results which the West did not recognize. The key themes of media appearances in France over the situation in the Caucasus began in May, NATO military exercises in Georgia, the Georgian military rebellion the military base and launching of the "Eastern Partnership" involving the strengthening of the EU including the South Caucasus countries. Covering the NATO military exercises in Georgia, many media give views of Moscow, which calls these exercises provocation.

Some publications believe that this is indeed the case. We give an expert opinion that Russia considers the dangerous combination of a NATO-Georgia in any form. Insurgency war in Georgia has become the number one topic in the French media materials on the Caucasus subject in May. First edition emphasized the fact that the mutiny was informed the Georgian authorities, then began to write about the rebellion as an event whose reality is not questioned. Distributed by the thesis that the rebellion advantageous for Russia. On the one hand, argues that the West, many believe Saakashvili insane, on the other side of Le Figaro consistently proves why the thesis about the beneficial mental illness Saakashvili Moscow.

The Kremlin says the president of Georgia is a psychiatric patient, and even said that Georgia should be sent no soldiers, and nurses. Program "Eastern Partnership", launched at the EU summit in Prague French media say the majority of late in part because that Georgia is still recovering from armed conflict with Russia. In May, the Caucasus topic attracts the attention of the Spanish press in connection with the mutiny in Mukhrovani teachings of the Georgia-NATO, signing the agreement on the protection of Russia borders of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Continues in the media analysis of the situation in the Chechen Republic in connection with the abolition of the CTO regime. The most popular Information occasion of the month was the holding of NATO exercises in Georgia, which the Chinese print media paid attention. Experts do not conceal their concern over the growing contradictions between Moscow and Tbilisi and make the following conclusion: short-sighted policy of the West, on the one hand, has a destructive impact on the emerging progress in Russian-US relations, on the other – indicates that NATO is playing Georgia map to weaken Moscow's influence in the Caucasus and secure control of Western countries for energy resources in the region. Other press materials in varying degrees, analyze general trends in Russian-Georgian relations, as well as focusing on the speeches of the opposition in Georgia, suggesting that official Tbilisi will follow the recommendations of the West and try to compromise only to In order to dull the vigilance of political opponents of Saakashvili.

China Population

In contrast to pharmaceutical giants to increase sales in developing countries will increase to 51%. Among the latter, it is worth noting Brazil India, Turkey, China, Mexico, Korea and Russia. This so-called developing countries are the first level. Another 21 countries coming on the heels of nouveau-leaders. However, while it is projected that its annual sales volume will be only 6% of the total market.

Total to developing countries include 28 States, the total number of population which is 45% of the total population. That these states are likely to form a new vector Development farmarynka XXI century. Among emerging markets worth special mention China and India (the reasons for their active development has already been mentioned above), and Venezuela. It was the last country in the near future will be a leader Latin America in terms of sales. Thus, experts believe that sales of this country in 2009 will grow by a third. The reason for this boom is the rapid population growth, as well as common here hypercholesteremia, which allowed actively to sell some analgesics and inhibitors of specific enzymes. But the Venezuelan government holds back the country's development in this direction have implemented laws that restrict the rights of entrepreneurs.

Another feature of the pharmaceutical market is the growth of production and marketing of generic drugs. This class of drugs now dominates the emerging markets. As mentioned above, sales growth of developed countries will be significantly less than in previous years. For example, in U.S. experts predict he will be around 1% in Europe – 3-4% in Japan – up to 5%.

Lighting Workplace

Light can induce the activity and willingness to work, and drowsiness or fatigue. In the office, which is well lit with chandeliers and lighting fixtures easier to work. People for longer stays active and interested in what he does. It is not just a feeling. It is a proven scientific fact, based on a study of exposure to light (even from artificial lamps and chandeliers) to the human biological clock. Huge selection of lighting fixtures: chandeliers, floor lamps, sconces and table lamps on the website inside the 'Light-Helen'.

Today, office lighting should be flexible and provide energy savings. It is these tasks are primarily in the development of office lighting. More and more employees to work flexible hours, or even leaving the house, so no need to completely cover the office. In addition, there is now a trend towards shorter lease terms, and the lighting system of the building should be easy to adapt to the needs of new tenants. Well-designed and well implemented solution will provide the required coverage is in that part of the office, where they really need. This can save on operating costs. Flexible solution enables every employee to adjust the lighting of the workplace, at its discretion, helping him to keep working and do not strain your eyes. The use of 'flexible coverage 'helps to reduce energy consumption and to date is extremely important.

The cost of electricity is growing tougher and also the requirements of environmental legislation. Government all countries insist on using more environmentally friendly technologies. Using technologies such as system voltage control and reduce the brightness (dimmer), you ensure yourself the amazing savings. Please attention to our factory manufacturers lamps, chandeliers, table lamps and floor lamps in 'Lights'. They can reduce energy consumption without causing a reduction of efficiency.


Based on theoretical concepts that are the basis for conducting monetary policy, the main object of the monetary aggregate is the money supply, the size of which depends on the dynamics of basic indicators economic development. In this regard, depending on the economic situation the central bank can implement the two basic types of monetary policy, which charge a mutually opposite effect on the dynamics of money supply. Restriction monetary policy ("dear money") – aimed at limiting the volume of credit transactions, raising interest rates and the inhibition of growth of money mass in the back. This policy applies both to smooth the sharp fluctuations in the phase of economic cycle and to control inflation and stabilize the monetary system. Expansionist monetary policy (Policy of "cheap money") – is accompanied by expansion of the volume of credit operations, lower interest rates and overall growth of money supply. The policy of monetary expansion is used to overcome recession production and business recovery stimulation of investment processes and increasing effective demand for goods and services. The subject of monetary policy is the state, which regulate this sector through their representative bodies – the central bank and the relevant government agencies – the Ministry of Finance or the Treasury, the supervisor of banks and control of money treatment, the establishment of deposit insurance and other institutions. The decisive role in implementing monetary owned central bank. Objects that is most often directed regulatory activities, there are variables of the money market: supply (ground) money, the interest rate, exchange rate, the velocity of money, etc.

Competition Price

To conduct contractors bidding the customer object assigns a trade organizer and creates a special body – the Tender Board, which conducts and supervises the whole procedure. Bidding procedure begins with the publication in the print and the web Internet announcement of the competition on a particular object or set of works. During the specified time applicants, that is, persons or organizations that are going to fight for the right to receive the contract, should get a set of tender documents. It sets out the procedure, terms and procedure for tendering, as well as characteristics of the object – the subject of bidding and the requirements for applicants. Applicants on the basis of requirements set forth in the solicitation documents, must prepare tender bid to supply its price to fulfill the object and submit it within the stipulated period in the tender committee. There are several types Trade: Competition open, closed competition, contest a two-stage auction, request price quotations and purchase from a single source. In the bidding process, the conditions for equal competition between several applicants.

With an open competition – the most common method of public procurement – applicants are attracted by the open publication of information about the competition in the media and the Internet. There are cases where necessary to carry out private competition – if there are a limited number of companies capable of executing a specific set of works. At a closed tender to applicants send a special invitation, without publication in print. Procedures for two-stage competition is used in case of special complexity of the subject of trades when it comes to their process to refine the characteristics of objects. Auction – a procedure in which bidders may offer to change the price downward, until you reach a reasonable, minimum possible price. In some cases, when the volume and cost of the works are small, you can use the simplified forms contractor selection process – request price quotations, and purchase from a single source.

When you request quotes organizer of the sale sends a query to multiple bidders on prices for this type of work and then selects from the received offers one of the lowest price. Buying from a single source is used when there is only one producer of certain goods or services. The entire bidding procedure takes place in a strictly defined period of time – usually within 45 days of the announcement – and ends with a meeting of the tender commission, which opened the envelopes with the bids and determine the winner. Information about the auction results should be published in the media, and 10 days after that with the successful bidder is a government contract to carry out works.

China Achievements

3 trillion, an increase of 22.5% over the previous year. Revenues from sales amounted to RMB 5.1 trillion, an increase of 22.5% on an annualized basis. Revenue was RMB 530.0 billion, or an increase of 21% on an annualized basis. The level of product sales amounted to 98.6%, which is approximately equal to the previous year. Investments in fixed assets is expected to reach RMB 635.0 billion, an increase of 34% on an annualized basis. The aggregate import and export value amounted to US $ 319.79 billion in 2007, which means an increase of 25.0% on an annualized basis. Import value amounted to US $ 218.0 billion from the total cost, an increase of 20.9% and export value amounted to US $ 101.78 billion, an increase of 34.9%.

1.1 Preservation of sustainable growth in production In order to cope with the excessive growth taking place in certain sectors and requiring high energy costs and high yield, the Chinese government has used in 2007, a number of strategies action. Was conducted nationwide special study of the implementation of these strategies in industry, agriculture, environmental protection and pricing policies. Judging from the indices of economic development, these measures have gradually started to exert its influence. According to statistics, the production of crude oil totaled 187 million tons, an increase of 1.6%. Natural gas production amounted to 69.31 billion m3, an increase by 23.1%.

Improve Tax Administration

The Supreme Court of the Russian Federation has initiated changes to the Tax Code of the Russian Federation (hereinafter – the Tax Code) and the Civil Procedure Code regarding collection of taxes from the population out of court. As resulted from the amendments received by the State Duma, asked to amend Article 48 of the Tax Code and add the provision that in case of nonpayment or incomplete payment of tax by the due date, this responsibility is executed in a forced order "by the foreclosure of the funds in the accounts of the taxpayer – an individual" without a court order. The same procedure is proposed to extend and to pay fees and fines: is not paid on time payments to tax authorities could, in the case of a law debit directly from your bank account, as is done in relation to legal persons and individual entrepreneurs. Suggested by the Supreme Court's changing legislation was aimed primarily at the unloading of judges to hear cases on recovery of debts not exceeding often the legal costs. It should be noted that a number of Duma deputies did not support this Bill (B. Resnick, P.

Krasheninnikov). And after the negative feedback on the bill of the Government of the Russian Federation, the Plenary Session of the Supreme Court, without waiting for its rejection, decided to withdraw from State Duma. However, after that, this initiative has already addressed the Supreme Arbitration Court Chairman Anton Ivanov, who offered not only to create the tax courts, which, in our view, should be welcomed, appears as a unified judicial practice on disputes arising from tax relations.