Others died under bullets of the guards, or were captured by the fascists, they were severely punished and returned back to camp. In the pow camps and concentration camps worked civilian Frenchmen. Among them were the agents of the Resistance, which, when opportunity helped shoots small groups of prisoners and detainees. And transferred fugitives to those who brought them to the guerrillas – the Maquis. After several unsuccessful escape from hard labor on the car-repair plant in Saarbrucken managed to escape from the Nazi hell, gp Ponomarev.
About a month along with another ap he made his way into occupied France. Meeting with leaders of the Resistance in eastern France, decided their fate: they Steel frantirerami – guerrillas. The first baptism of George Ponomarev received the night of 13 to 14 December 1943, participating in start-up enemy trains derailed near the station Barankur. Soon, along with a connected G. Ponomarev left in the forest area near the village of Lauzon, where he met a group of former Soviet prisoners of war. Then there were several people who arrived from Paris, all of them together and made into a forest of Verdun battle core partisans, which is called 'Stalingrad'.
In early February 1944 was still almost unarmed guerrillas derailed train with the German outfit. In two weeks 'George', as the French called G. Ponomarev, and six guerrillas in the area Spenkura derailed German troop train with guns and vehicles. Day of February '23 'guerrilla commander,' George 'said another blow to the enemy – the guerrillas brought down the German defense in the post Canton of Fresnes-en-Voevr.
Registration of permanent residence in the Czech Republic in 2010, engaged in high-class professionals with a legal education and legal profession in the Czech Republic and particularly in Prague. Only documentation lawyer and training alien to examinations and interviews allow at this stage in the emigration of Czech Republic to get a positive result. In the past 2009 CoML Czech Republic managed to get units of foreigners who actually been prepared and briefed on procedures and requirements imposed on foreign applicants. Allegedly issuing permanent residence in 2010 in Prague, will not undergo strong changes, and will be available in limited volumes. The status of permanent residency in general assigned to the Czech Republic for foreigners, which are of interest for the Czech Republic and have a steady income as wages, dividends or other income from a business in the Czech Republic or from the Czech employer. Significant differences in the procedure for obtaining permanent residence in the Czech Republic for citizens who have a work visa in the Czech Republic or entrepreneurial business visa there. Foreigners with work permit have the option of an accelerated registration of permanent residence through a pilot project, working for foreign nationals residing in the Czech Republic on the basis of employment contracts. To obtain permanent residency the alien must live in the Czech Republic a full five years and have no problems with legislation of the Czech Republic, both in business and professional and administrative law.
The outcome of these battles was the withdrawal of German troops to a distance of 80-250 km to the west – of the enemy were completely cleared the Moscow and Tula region and eliminated the immediate threat to Moscow. In other respects – offensive failed completely. Our losses are greater than the German in about half: the Soviet forces lost at least 500 000 people killed, died from wounds and was taken prisoner, while the loss of personnel of the Army Group "Center" was about 330,000 soldiers and officers. Detachments of marines fought 149 days, passing in the rear of the enemy, about six miles, they distract themselves from the front, and bound by their decisive action five German divisions were destroyed during the course of the operation up to 15,000 enemy soldiers and officers, a large number of military and other equipment. During the war the rate of Supreme Command for more than forty times applied the landings, but the largest airborne operation was when the rear of the enemy were thrown more than 10,000 Soviet paratroopers, as well as thousands specifically designed for their goods, arms, munitions, food and other property.
Until the end of the war took place only one attempt to land a major airborne assault behind enemy lines: during the Dnieper offensive on September 25-28, 1943. However, this amphibious operation was unsuccessful – from 4500 people still alive only to 1200. The fighting at Vyazma clearly showed that the larger the landing, the harder it is to him to decide operational objectives, and the greatest chance of success at landing behind enemy lines have small sabotage and reconnaissance units.
As a result, after the Second World War, a period of confrontation between Satan and the Angel of Laodicea Church (USA), who after the defeat of Nimrod and weakening the power of Satan is the most powerful archangel on Earth. This, of course, contributes to the fact that, while Satan is at war with Nimrod, the U.S. virtually participate in their wars and have the opportunity to discreetly for many to build their own power. Simultaneously, the angel of Laodicea Church remembers and the plan of the Queen of Heaven (Mary), of her courtiers, promoting implementation of its plan, such as Michael and Adam. But seeing the impunity of Satan and Nimrod, being under the influence "of the virus of Darkness", the angel of Laodicea church is beginning to doubt that this plan will ever be reality and work. And only just in case, to avoid severe punishment during a possible trial of the Overmind (God), he decides to clothe their actions in the framework of concern for humanity and to appear before all people as the savior of the world from Satan. This, of course as he considers himself, gives him the right to claim the world crown, and to support the further order of the world to become its ruler and king. But he does not know that Thyatira Church (Islam) is the bearer of Light on Earth. Archangel Laodicea sure that even at the expense of corruption and violence, but he can make the world a rich and prosperous, although not without cruelty, violence and injustice.
Tombstones known as memorials, grave stones, tombstones and funeral monuments, have the same function and erected with a common goal. This method is to perpetuate the memory of the deceased. Gravestone Stones were originally made of wood. Archaeologists have found Neanderthal graves that date back 50 000-75 000 let.Tela were found in caves with large mountainous piles, covering the entrance. Over time, develop various methods of burial.
The Chinese were the first to use coffins to contain their dead (about 30 000 BC), Mummification and embalming were used about 3200 bc to preserve the body of Egyptian Pharaohs for the afterlife. Pharaohs were placed in a sarcophagus and buried with statues representing their servants and advisers they trust, as well as gold and luxuries to ensure their adoption in the next world. Some King demanded to have their servants and advisers accompany them in death, and his servants and advisors were killed and placed in the grave. Cremation, which started at the same time as mummification, was also a popular method of getting rid of dead bodies. With the development of various religions, began to forbid cremation. The Inquisition claimed that it resembles the pagan rituals. In 1348, the Plague hit Europe and forced people to bury the dead as soon as possible and away from cities. Very often the relatives and friends of the dead were infected with the plague during the ritual burial, because cemeteries, while many tombs continued to spread the disease, beyond the cemetery.
In 1665, British Parliament banned the holding large funeral and set a minimum depth of graves 6 feet (1.8 m). This reduced the spread of the disease, but many cemeteries continued to overpopulate. The first cemetery similar today, there was a cemetery 'garden' set in Paris in 1804. It is in this cemetery headstone and memorials became difficult work of sculptors. Social status is defined by the size and beauty of the memorial. Early memorials depicted horrific scenes with skeletons and demons to instill fear of the afterlife in the residence. Later in the nineteenth century, tombstones have developed in favor of peaceful scenes, such as cherubs and angels, leading to higher peace. Materials Early headstones were made of slate, which was available everywhere. The following material, which became popular was marble, but marble tombstones were destroyed in time and erased the inscriptions, and details of the deceased were not clear. By 1850, granite is the preferred material of the grave monument because of its stability and availability. In modern memorials granite – the main raw materials used. Granite – igneous rock, composed primarily of quartz, feldspar, and plagioclase feldspar with other particles. Granite can be white, pink, light gray or dark gray. This breed can be obtained from the magma, which slowly cooled and eventually eroded by the soil.
Until now, neither of which is not known when and who invented the first samovar. Many believe that Russia is the birthplace of samovar, but it is not. The first semblance of a samovar can be found in ancient Rome and China. It was a large vessel, which had a pipe and ash, the principle of his actions was the same as a conventional samovar. It is also widely believed that the first samovar yet invented Tula, who took with him to the Urals Tula smith-industrialist Nikita Demidov in 1701.
Once on the uninhabited place, missing the hot brought down, they came up with gizmo, which itself is all cooked, ushering samovar production. In Russia, a samovar was already known from 30-40 years of the xviii century. The first mention of a samovar, and samovar production is mentioned in 1745: "Register how many made and given to a noble lord Gregory Akinfievich (Demidov) different titles copper cookware in 1745 and at what price the market is 'and' property records Onega, second-class monastery ', which dates back to 1746 year, and where, among other things mentioned, and' two samovar with green copper pipes. But the available data give no idea of what shape and the device was samovar at the time. We only know that in those years samovar already used in the Urals, and later in Moscow, Tula, St. Petersburg, and in the xix century samovar appeared in Vladimir, Yaroslavl, province. Now it is difficult to say when and by whom created the first samovar, but his appearance and the production is closely connected with those important reforms and economic and political life of Russia in the Petrine era.
Documentary warranty All the time we talked about the construction quality. However, it is unattainable without the support good quality materials and technology. Unfortunately, the mechanism of certification is almost not working. This is partly because the reform of standardization: SNiPs passed into the category recommendatory documents, and the majority of technical regulations is now under development. In this connection special importance is the voluntary certification. It is profitable today, not only consumers but and producers as well as confirms the quality of their products and enhance competitiveness. In construction there are several voluntary certification schemes.
For example, established in 2004 "RosStroySertifikatsia", which comprises about 50 regulatory authorities and the order of 40 testing laboratories. State Standard of Russia also holds certification today not only in the gost R system, but in a system of voluntary certification. This mechanism is used by many companies. For example, a group of companies propleks have certified it produced of pvc window profile, in which was installed 60-year period of its operation, and increased frost resistance, up to date for the Russian winters. Document the effectiveness of its products in domestic climatic conditions and the company can ursa, a manufacturer of building insulation materials and insulation systems.
It is only natural that consumers prefer materials, high quality is confirmed by a certificate. The last word – for the State to ensure full effect of of all these quality control mechanisms must state examination erected buildings. "Missing the construction of state control – it means losing a real impact on this area, – The head of the fgi "Federal Licensing Center" Alexander Tolkachev. Today these functions are performed by agencies of the State Architectural and Construction Supervision (GASN). His task is to supervise the provision of participants in the building match erected buildings and structures made of building materials, components and structures of normative-technical and project documentation. However, the work of specialists gasn complicated by the lack of legislative decisions on licensing, as well as the current system of technical regulations. Therefore, how effective and straightforward, these solutions will largely depend quality of domestic construction in the foreseeable future. Thus, the construction must be an integrated system of regulation based on the use of a number of independent tools. It can be done if access control companies in the market is accompanied by a certification of services and materials, insurance, consumer interests, as well as government oversight of construction quality. The specialists expressed different opinions, but agree on one thing: the expected today, legislative changes need to be comprehensive. It is possible that in the current situation should not make any hasty decisions and to allow additional time (Eg, within the time allotted for the transition to a system of technical regulations) for the careful consideration and coordination of all aspects of the problem.