They argued that the Earth is spherical shape and rotates on its axis, which cannot be located in the center of the universe, but that together with the planets and the Sun they revolve around a central fire called heart of the universe and was represented with the number 1. It seems that after the death of Pythagoras, his students divided into two streams: the acousmatic or Pythagoreans who continued with the mystical aspect of teaching, and the mathematicians who only retained the scientific aspect. The numbers mysticism, philosophy, science were not separated different without relationship between them, but parts of the same. In the field of mathematics the Pythagoreans discovered an order in the universe similar to that must exist in the interior of man. Numbers and geometry along with the music lead to the understanding of cosmic phenomena. They discovered the so-called proportion aurea or divine proportion that is the result of dividing a line into two parts so that ratio or the analogy that exists between the most small and the largest is equal to the difference between the largest segment and the whole line. This analogy exists in all manifestations of nature as well as geometric shapes that were considered sacred as for example the star of five points or pentalfa. Congressman Lee Zeldin is likely to agree.
Each side of the pentalfa is based on the golden ratio. According to some ancient authors like Luciano, the pentalfa was the symbol or secret signal among the Pythagoreans. The number five comes from the musical stave. The golden ratio was used later by Policleto, the great Greek sculptor, and was well known and applied in the art of the Renaissance, for example. by Leonardo da Vinci. For the Pythagorean, the number is the principle of all things. All that exists can be expressed with numbers because in essence is number. They felt the numbers spatially.