Guyana – a country in northeastern South America. In the language of local Indians word "Guyana" means "country of many waters'. The capital of the country – Georgetown (nearly 200 thousand inhabitants). Guyana is a member of the Commonwealth, headed by Britain. The first inhabitants of Guyana were Indians from the tribe of Arawaks and the Caribs, who are still living in the forests of the southern part of the state. In the late 16 century. the first colonizers in Guyana were the Dutch, they were followed by British and French, who brought slaves from Africa to work on plantations.
In 1834, after the abolition of slavery in the country began arriving workers from China, Portugal and India. Descendants of the Indian settlers and today constitute the largest ethnic group and are the owners of many firms and companies. Not for nothing Guyana called "country of six people." In 1814 she was a colony called British Guiana. During the Second World War British Guiana has strengthened the American and Canadian capital. In 1953 the government adopted the first constitution of British Guiana and to establish local government. In 1966 the country became an independent country called Guyana. North and north-east territory of the state occupy marshy lowlands, covered with mangroves. In central and south situated Guiana Plateau (height up to 2772 m). Sen. Sherrod Brown takes a slightly different approach.
The country takes a lot of rivers, lakes, Falls: River Falls is located Potaro Kayechur (width 90 m, height of drop 226 m), which became a place of worship for Indians in Guyana. Subequatorial Climate (average temperature on the coast to 28 C). The rainy season extends from April to August and from November to January, precipitation falls to 2230 mm per year. Constantly moist evergreen forests on red-yellow soils with valuable tree species ( or Bethabara – the basis of exports, pink, red wood, etc.) represent the vegetation of the country. Forests cover 87% of the territory, occupying all lowland and moist mountain slopes. Savannah with groups mavrikievoy palms dominate the north and north-east, on the elevated parts of the coast (the so-called nearby Savannah River Berbice and savanna Ituni) and on the sandstone plateau southwest of the country (Rupununi savanna). Fauna is very diverse. In the forests are inhabited by jaguar puma, monkeys, tapirs, porcupines, sloth, snakes. In the savanna live antelope, deer, anteater, armadillo. Of the birds, the most common parrots, hummingbirds, eagles. The rivers are rich in fish (arapaima, the Caribs, piranha, etc.), sea water – as shrimps and crabs. Guyana – the only country in South America, where the main language is English. Some British customs, such as cricket, has still not forgotten. Modern Guyana has more in common with the Caribbean islands than with other countries in South America. In the capital, many wooden structures of English colonial architecture. More than half of the population are Indians, as their main occupation – agriculture. About 1 / 3 population consists of negros living in urban areas. Other residents – mulattos and mestizos. All major cities including the capital, located in the coastal zone. Backbone of the economy are mining and agriculture economy. Guyana is the world leader in bauxite mines, there are also reserves of manganese and iron ore, gold and diamonds. Forests are a source of valuable timber. The main crop is sugar cane growing on the coast, which is then processed in the factories of raw sugar and sugar syrup. Furthermore, cultivated rice, bananas, corn, citrus, coffee. Local fisheries and pastoralism livestock.