Plain Weave Fabric

Posted May 25th, 2011 by Bryan

Weave – it is one of the oldest human inventions. In ancient times, people without a loom, weaving fabric by hand. With the development of weaving people, for beautiful patterns, are joining in a single several types of fabric weaves. Quick Reference Dictionary of Weaving – is the order of overlapping warp threads weft. Weave – it is one of the key indicators of its structure.

Affordable weave in the weaving join the warp and weft and get woven fabric – fabrics and textiles. Here two interwoven strands of arranged vertically. Foundation called threads, which go along fabric weft – threads are located across, horizontally. Way to connect these threads determines the type of weave. A plain weave is the most ancient weave the fabric fibers is – plain (it is call – taffeta) interlacing. This is the simplest and most common way to weave. Plain weave produce cotton fabrics, chintz, calico, linen and platevye tissue, almost all linen tissue, and many fabrics from natural silk and chemical fiber.

Less commonly, plain weave is used to create wool fabrics. Plain weave – this is an exact alternation of major and weft yarns in a ratio of 1:1. In this case, if the first warp thread left on the surface, the second weft thread is closed, etc. Of all existing plain weave, characterized the smallest repeats: two threads in warp and two weft yarns. Each main thread interwoven with each weft thread through one. This netting provides excellent fusion of tissue structure and, consequently, most of its strength. Plain weave fabrics are characterized by flat matt surface and identical facial appearance and the wrong side. Fabric goes way, because the warp and weft are distributed equally on both sides. In plain weave the increase density on the basis leads to compression of yarns in the vertical direction, the weft – the horizontal. Because of this, the cells formed by weaving, are no longer symmetrical and elongated in one direction or another. When significant difference in linear density of basic and weft yarns in the fabric of plain weave are longitudinal or transverse ridges, appears rep effect. Thin filaments are bent around a thick and close them. Therefore, the thick filaments are located within the tissue, and thin – on its surface. This structure allows even to create a plain weave fabric surface from one system threads. If you are using yarn increased twisting, the fabric is formed crapy effect, the surface becomes 'grainy'.

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